Founding a Balkan State examines the pivotal period in Albanian history when the country's fundamental goals and directions were most hotly contested. In 1920, liberal Albanian leaders – led by the US-educated Bishop Fan S. Noli – began working to introduce democracy to the country, hoping that it would lead to modernization, prosperity, and overturning the legacy of five hundred years of Ottoman rule. In 1924, these leaders mounted a successful revolution; by 1925, however, their forces were in retreat. Albania soon slid into dictatorship under Ahmed Bey Zogu – first as president, then as self-proclaimed king. Founding a Balkan State provides the only comprehensive assessment in English of these events. Robert C. Austin first delves into the country's weak domestic and international position both before and after the First World War, then assesses the internal and external challenges posed to its state- and nation-building efforts. Austin shrewdly demonstrates how the missed opportunities of Albania's political transition affected the course of Balkan history for decades to come.
founding a balkan state
WELCOME ... START HAPPY !
Search for "Founding A Balkan State" Books in the Search Form now, Download or Read Books for FREE, just by Creating an Account to enter our library. More than 1 Million Books in Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Tuebl and Audiobook formats. Hourly Update.
This book provides an overview of the Balkans since 1878 with an emphasis on the region post-1989. Mindful of a complicated past, it seeks to explain why the region has endured such a prolonged and fraught transition to democracy and eventual membership in the European Union.
This title was first published in 2001. In seeking to better understand post-communist identity change, this book presents an analysis based on the study of everyday life in two villages in northern Albania. The author describes the villages from the perspective of community, economic activity and relations with the state. The book applies theories relating identity and civil society to the social, economic and political realities associated with post-communist transformation. By describing village life in northern Albania at the close of the 20th century, it aims to complement the anthropoligical work undertaken by Edith Durham in the early 1900s and by Margaret Hasluck in the 1930s.
Western economic historians have traditionally concentrated on the success stories of major developed economies, while development economists have given most of their attnetion to the problems of the Third World. The authors of this pioneering work study a part of Europe neglected by both approaches. Modernizing patterns in Balkan economic history are traced from the sixteenth century (when the territory was shared by Ottoman and Habsburg empires), through the nineteenth century (when they emerged as independent states), to the end of World War II and its aftermath. Despite present differences in economic systems--Greece's private market economy, Yugoslavia's planned market economy, and the centrally planned economies of Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania--the authors find that shared origins and common subsequent experiences are ample justifications for treating the area as an economic unit. Balkan Economic History, 1550-1950 will be a major case study for development economists and will provide historians with the first analytical and statistical study to survey the entire region from the start of the early modern period.
Tackles the thorny issue of the disappearance of Montenegro as a sovereign state in the course of and as a result of the First World War. This book investigates the ambiguous and often troubled relationship between two "Serb states," Montenegro and Serbia. It examines the politics and power plays of Serbs, Montenegrins, and others.
This authoritative reference follows the history of conflicts in the Balkan Peninsula from the 19th century through the present day. • Places the conflicts, battles, and wars in perspective through informative "Causes and Consequences" essays • Features introductions to primary source documents written by a top scholar • Offers topic finders and a detailed bibliography that will help students conduct research • Defines important military terms unfamiliar to most audiences
This report contains a number of papers which examine the national laws of European countries regarding the treatment and protection of people belonging to national minorities who live in states outside the borders of their country of origin. This study was undertaken in order to establish whether such laws are compatible with the principles of international law and Council of Europe standards, following the adoption by Hungary in 2001 of an Act which provides benefits and assistance to those of Hungarian origin or identity who live in neighbouring countries.
The 'Albanian question' remains one of the major unresolved questions in south-eastern Europe, with the potential to disrupt the region, with grave consequences for the international community. The exodus of refugees from Kosovo into Albania in the late 1990s - and Kosovo's subsequent declaration of independence in February 2008 - rejuvenated interest in Albania and Kosovo and their place in the Balkans and Yet despite growing interest in the region's recent history, until now Albania's period of independence around World War I has been largely neglected.The Birth of Albania explores how an independent Albania first came into existence in the early twentieth century, following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Nicola Guy explains how and why Albanian independence was finally achieved, in the context of the prevailing contemporary ideas of ethnicity and national identity, elaborated most famously by President Woodrow Wilson as 'national self-determination'. The Birth of Albania is the definitive account of this period and an essential contribution to our understanding of an important but often overlooked part of the world.